The Truth About Hyperpigmentation and How to Treat It

A person requiring a treatment for hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation, a common dermatological concern, affects individuals of all skin types and ages. It manifests as dark patches or spots on the skin, resulting from an overproduction of melanin — the pigment responsible for skin colouration. While it’s typically harmless, hyperpigmentation can cause self-consciousness and impact one’s confidence.

Understanding its causes and exploring effective treatment options is crucial for achieving a brighter, more even complexion.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Sun Exposure

Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays stimulates melanocytes, the cells responsible for melanin production. This leads to an increase in melanin production, resulting in darkening of the skin.

Hormonal Changes

Fluctuations in hormones, such as those experienced during pregnancy (melasma) or while taking birth control pills, can trigger hyperpigmentation.

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Inflammation or injury to the skin, such as acne, eczema, or a cut, can stimulate melanocytes, causing dark spots to develop as the skin heals.


Some individuals are genetically predisposed to developing hyperpigmentation, making them more susceptible to its occurrence.


As we age, skin cell turnover slows down, leading to the accumulation of melanin in certain areas and the development of age spots or liver spots.

Effective Treatment Options

Sun Protection

The first line of defence against hyperpigmentation is sun protection. Wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher daily helps prevent further darkening of existing spots and protects against future UV-induced damage.

Topical Treatments

Over-the-counter solutions containing ingredients like hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid, vitamin C, and niacinamide can result in fading of existing hyperpigmentation and inhibit melanin production.

Laser Therapy

Laser treatments, like fractional laser resurfacing and the innovative IPL therapy, focus on melanin in the skin to break up hyperpigmentation and stimulate collagen production, resulting in smoother, more evenly pigmented skin.


Microdermabrasion exfoliates the skin using a handheld device with a diamond-tipped or crystal-tipped wand, helping to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and promote cell turnover for a brighter complexion.


Microneedling involves the use of a device with fine needles to create tiny punctures in the skin, stimulating collagen production and improving the appearance of hyperpigmentation over time.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels, which involve the application of a chemical solution to exfoliate the skin’s top layer, can help improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation by promoting cell turnover and revealing brighter, more even skin underneath.

The results of treatment for hyperpigmentation

For those seeking effective treatment for hyperpigmentation, Laser Care Skin Clinic in Ealing, London, offers cutting-edge solutions tailored to your skin’s needs. Our chemical peels deeply exfoliate, removing blemishes and rejuvenating skin.

Meanwhile, our microneedling treatments stimulate collagen production, reducing hyperpigmentation and restoring a youthful glow. Additionally, we offer several other cosmetic procedures like Forma V, Obagi facials, carbon peels, laser hair removal, natural lip fillers, etc.

Get in touch with us and book a consultation for treatment for hyperpigmentation.